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Title: Recent Trends on Utilization of Phytochemicals Against Mycotoxin Producing Aspergilli and Penicillium Species
Authors: Bansal, Aanchal
Jata Shankar, [Guided by]
Keywords: Aflatoxin
Aspergillus flavus
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Jaypee University of Information Technology, Solan, H.P.
Abstract: Mycotoxins had been diagnosed as critical toxins affecting animal species and human beings after the discovery of aflatoxin B1 in 1960. Mycotoxigenic fungi are pervasive and are held chargeable for monetary loss as they lower crop yield and the peculiarity of food. The presence of fungal species and their mycotoxins are now additionally found in medicinal herbs and pre-packaged foods. Since prevention isn't always usually possible, cleansing of mycotoxins had been tried by using other means. In addition to recognized mycotoxins, for which limit levels in food are imposed, unregulated, so-called “emerging mycotoxins” had also been proven to arise often in agricultural products. Significant demanding situations nevertheless exist due to the complicated heterogeneous nature of meal composition. The capacity of blended omics techniques inclusive of metabolomics, transcriptomics, genomics, and proteomics might contribute to our information in identifying, isolating, and characterizing mycotoxins pre and post-harvest. One of the promising techniques is the usage of bioactive plant metabolites. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2001), about 80% of the populace of the sector still rely on conventional plant-based drug treatments for primary healthcare. Plants generate secondary metabolites as a resistance mechanism towards pathogenic microorganisms, bugs, and negative environmental situations. These metabolites are referred to as phytochemicals. These might include essential oils but are non-nutritive. However, they could guard human beings and animals against diseases resulting from microbes or toxins related to them because of the antimicrobial characteristics they possess. These metabolites are one of the most encouraging agents for upcoming drug discovery and development. Based on their chemical structures, phytochemicals have been divided into major groups including phenolics, coumarins, flavonoids, etc. These compounds may act directly or diffusely to defend against illnesses or pathogens.
Appears in Collections:Dissertations (M.Sc.)

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